Prize for electron-neutrino research
The Tokai to Kamioka (T2K) experiment in Japan, that involves Lancaster University particle physicists, has recently been awarded the prestigious "Le Prix La Recherche". The prize, awarded by the French journal "La Recherche", one of the top popular science journals in France, honours the top research in 2011 across all sciences based upon a criteria of scientific discovery and deepening understanding. T2K's 2011 paper on electron-neutrino appearance in a muon-neutrino beam was selected by a 10-member committee of experts from disparate science and technology fields including mathematics, archeology and physics. The prize follows an award by the journal "Physics World" at the end of last year, for which the same T2K research was listed as one of the top 10 breakthroughs in Physics in 2011.
T2K was built to measure the properties of neutrinos - fundamental particles which have the unusual property of being able to change from one type of neutrino to another as they travel almost unhindered through matter or space. T2K fired a beam of muon-neutrinos 300 km to a "far" detector, where some of the muon-neutrinos were found to have changed to electron-neutrinos. The beam first goes through a "near" detector in order to characterise the muon-neutrino beam, which allows for comparison with the beam detected by the far detector. Lancaster physicists played a large role in building, calibrating and monitoring the near detector and are now using the data to measure neutrino interaction cross-sections, or probabilities.
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Vastly improved medical imaging and guaranteed secure communications are a step closer following a funding boost of more than £700,000 in new quantum technology projects at Lancaster University.
Fri 26 June 2015
Astronomers using ESO’s Very Large Telescope have discovered by far the brightest galaxy yet found in the early Universe and found strong evidence that examples of the first generation of stars lurk within it. These massive, brilliant, and previously purely theoretical objects were the creators of the first heavy elements in history — the elements necessary to forge the stars around us today, the planets that orbit them, and life as we know it. The newly found galaxy, labelled CR7, is...
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Lancaster University planetary scientist Dr Sarah Badman has been awarded a prestigious Ernest Rutherford Fellowship by the UK's Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) to support a programme of research entitled "Illuminating Solar-Planetary interactions". During her 5-year fellowship, Dr Badman will investigate how the Sun affects the...
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